Golden Gate Assembly protocol
Starting with Boiled then Cooled Oligos
- You should have already used the Oligator to design your oligos for self-assembly into dsDNA. You can take advantage of Oligator's capacity to add the sticky ends onto your oligos, or you can do that yourself. Oligator can also add the BsaI restriction sites onto your DNA which will be cut off by BsaI enzyme in the GGA mixture.
- Use the protocol for boiling oligos to assemble dsDNA.
- Determine how many ng of insert you will need in GGA (below) using this formula X ng of insert = (bp insert) (50 ng linearized plasmid-) ÷ (size of entire plasmid in bp)
If you don't want to calculate exactly how many ng you need, you can use this approximation for short segments of DNA:
- 1 µL cooled oligos.
- 99 µL water to make a 100X dilution.
- Use 1 µL of the 100X diluted oligos and add to the 9 µL described below.
Protocol Details for GGA
- Get two new, small microfuge tubes designed to fit into the PCR machine.
- One tube will be labeled "ligation", the other "plasmid only". Also put your initials on the tubes.
- 1 µL diluted oligos cooled overnight (use water instead for "plasmid only" tube).
- 9 µL GGA mixture
- Use the boiled and cooled promoter DNA for the ligation tube but use only water for the plasmid only tube.
GGA mixture contains:
1 µL (50 ng) plasmid containing receiving plasmid such as part J119137
6 µL dH2O
1 µL 10X NEB Ligase Buffer
0.5 µL Bsa I high fidelity (HFv2) restriction enzyme
0.5 µL T4 DNA ligase from NEB
9 µL final volume
Turn on the thermocycler machine. Put both of your tubes into the machine.
Program it for the following cylces:
- 20 cycles of 37C for 1 minute/16C for 1 minute
- 1 cycle of 37C for 15 minutes
- 22C holding temperature
This DNA ligation is ready for transformation.
You can increase the number of cycles to 30 if you want to increase yield. However, we have gotten good success with as few as 5 cycles.
Transformations after GGA
You want to do 3 transformations:
- a positive control that contains known promoter + RBS + RFP to be used for comparison RFP expression.
- your experimental ligation
- your negative control ligation
Use between 20 - 50 µL of Zippy competent cells into each of three 1.5 mL tubes labeled appropriately for each of the three transformations listed above. Plate all three transformations on LB amp plates.
PCR Verification of Successful GGA
If you want to PCR verify that GGA has happened, you can use colony PCR and analyze the product by gel electrophoresis (1.7% agarose gel).
- Use negative control colonies as template to see the MW of the PCR product when TT is still in the plasmid and no GGA has occurred. Run one lane of this negative control PCR product for each row on your gel.
- Use these two primers:
- Forward = 5’ GAATTCGCGGCCGCTTCTAG 3’
- Reverse = 5’ TTTGATAACATCTTCGGAGG 3’
- PCR product with the original TT still in place is 251 bp
- size of TT that should be removed by GGA is 107 bp
This protocols was developed at MWSU by Dr. Todd Eckdahl, and modified at Davidson College by Annie Wacker and Malcolm Campbell.