Dormancy induction

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Dormancy is an adaptation mechanism that is vital to the survival of plants. Plant dormancy is induced by hormones such as abscisic acid. While it has many uses, abscisic acid inhibits fruit ripening, inhibits cell growth/seed germination, and downregulates enzymes needed for photosynthesis.

Abscisic acid-insensitive 5-like protein 3 (ABI3). KEGG: [1]

ABI3 papers: [2] [3]

GAI Della protein [Arabidopsis thaliana] Member of the DELLA proteins that restrain the cell proliferation and expansion that drives plant growth. KEGG - [4]

RGA1 DELLA protein [Arabidopsis thaliana]: KEGG- [5]

Plant Hormone Signal Induction in Arabidopsis thaliana: [6]

Gene expression during the induction, maintenance, and release of dormancy in apical buds of poplar . From this paper: "Three regulatory genes, AP2/EREBP, ERF4, and WRKY11, and one expressed protein gene were associated with this crucial step in dormancy induction (Fig. 7). Based on the function of the respective Arabidopsis homologues, the three regulatory genes could act downstream of ethylene and/or abscisic acid (ABA) signals during dormancy induction." [7]

WRKY11- putative WRKY transcription factor 11- [8]

AP2/EREBP transcription factor - [9]

ERF4- ethylene-responsive transcription factor 4 - [10]